Entreprenörskapsstudenters val att inte starta eget företag efter avslutade studier : en studie av entreprenörskapsstudenters entreprenöriella benägenhet på Södertörns Högskola : The choice of Entrepreneurship students not to establish a private enterprise after graduation
Problem description: Entrepreneurship is an important factor in the Swedish education system. Most of the Swedish universities and other high school educations have, since a number of years, courses and programs within the area of entrepreneurship. A report from Global Entrepreneurship Monitor shows a low activity of entrepreneurship in Sweden during 2005. In spite of that, there is a study showing an increasing interest for free enterprising during 2005 among younger persons. However, this case is not referring to high educated students including Entrepreneurship students. A study of high educated students shows a preference for employment rather than free enterprising after graduation.Problem formulation: What are the underlying factors that makes the students of Entrepreneurship deicide not to start private enterprises after graduation?Purpose: To analyse the inclination of Entrepreneurship students to start free enterprises.Theory: There are different explanations to why certain individuals become entrepreneurs, but no general profile has yet been established. What Scientists do agree on is that the capability of entrepreneurship depends on: ethnical background, age, upbringing/family background, education, experiences and the tendency for risk taking, this is the theoretical reference for this report.Method: The collection of data has been performed through questionnaires sent by e-mail. Two types of questionnaires have been sent to previous students from the Entrepreneurship Program at Södertörns Högskola. Questionnarie number one was sent to 56 former students selected for the original group. The second questionnaire was sent to 16 of the respondents randomly selected from the first group. The purpose of questionnaire number one was to receive a quantitative knowledge about the professional occupation of the respondents, to be able to separate those running a company of their own from those employed. The result of the first questionnaire was the base of the second questionnaire. The purpose of questionnaire number two was to collect qualitative data about the variables in the theory references above: ethnical background, age, upbringing/family background, education, experiences and the tendency for risk taking.Result: There is a pattern showing the capability of entrepreneurship depending if the respondents are employed or running a company of their own. Those running a company are usually very competent in entrepreneurship while the compentence varies amongst those employed. These respondents can be devided into two groups where the group who wants to start a company in the future have a higher capability of entrepreneurship that those employed with no wish to start a company of their own.Conclusions: The conclusion of this report is that fewer of the Entrepreneurship students than expected choose to start a company of their own after graduation. The reason for this is lack of capability in entrepreneurship. The study shows that only some of the references of the theory about entrepreneur capability are the reason why students from entrepreneurship studies don’t start their own companies after graduation. The reasons why entrepreneurship students don’t choose to start their own businesses after graduation seems to be related to age, education, experience and tendencies of risk taking. All these criterias are related. The education is not relevant enough and that is an explanation why the entrepreneurship students wants to get more experience before they start a company and this is also an explanation why the tendency of risk taking is low. There is also a relation to age since a longer experience will increase the chance for a successful free enterprise and also increases the tendency to take risks.
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:entrepreneurship inclination of and students
Date of Publication:01/29/2008