The use of xylitol to minimize contamination of beef carcass surfaces with salmonella typhimurium and escherichia coli o157:h7
Effects of a 10% xylitol solution (X) on adhesion of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella serotype Typhimurium to meat surfaces were examined utilizing three approaches. In Experiment 1, rifampicin-resistant strains of E. coli O157:H7 and S. Typhimurium were dispersed in xylitol or a peptone solution (containing approximately 8.9 mean log per ml of each pathogen) and used to inoculate beef outside round meat surfaces. Samples were then rinsed with water or not rinsed in a 2X2 factorial arrangement. No interaction existed between inoculum type and post-inoculation treatments (P > 0.84). Incubation of pathogens in peptone or xylitol had minimal impact on pathogen adhesion (P > 0.76). Rinsing reduced counts by approximately 0.5 log CFU/cm2 (P < 0.01). Experiment 2 meat samples received a pretreatment of a water rinse, xylitol, or no rinse, followed by inoculation with pathogens dispersed in peptone solution (containing approximately 8.6 log mean log per ml of each pathogen). Samples received a post-inoculation treatment of a water rinse, xylitol rinse or no rinse in a 3X3 factorial arrangement. No interactions between pre- and post-inoculation factors were observed for surface pathogen load (P > 0.50). Post-inoculation rinsing reduced counts by approximately 0.5 log CFU/cm2 (P < 0.01) with no difference between water and xylitol (P > 0.64). Experiment 3 carcass surfaces were inoculated with pathogens at an initial level of 5.5 log CFU/cm2 and received a hot (35Â°C) water wash, 2.5% L-lactic acid spray, 10% xylitol spray, lactic acid + xylitol or hot water + xylitol. Pathogen counts were taken at 0 and 24 h post treatment. Lactic acid treatments reduced Salmonella by 3.3 log CFU/cm2 at 0 h (P < 0.01) and by 2.6 log CFU/cm2 after 24 h (P < 0.02). Hot water treatments reduced Salmonella by 1.5 log CFU/cm2 at 0 h (P < 0.07). Xylitol did not minimize pathogens (P > 0.62) nor did it increase effectiveness of other treatments. These data indicate that xylitol is ineffective at preventing E. coli O157:H7 and S. Typhimurium adhesion to meat surfaces.
Advisor:Russell, Leon H.; Acuff, Gary R.; Sawyer, Jason E.
School:Texas A&M University
School Location:USA - Texas
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:xylitol salmonella typhimurium e coli o157 h7 beef carcass contamination
Date of Publication:05/01/2003