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A targeted evaluation of OpenEye’s methods for virtual ligand screens and docking

by Lantz, Mikael

Abstract (Summary)
The process of drug discovery is very slow and expensive. There is a need for reliable in silico methods; however the performance of these methods differs.This work presents a targeted study on how the drug discovery methods used in OpenEye’s tools ROCS, EON and FRED perform on targets with small ligands. It was examined if 12 compounds (markers) somewhat similar to AMP could be detected by ROCS in a random data set comprised of 1000 compounds. It was also examined if EON could find any electrostatic similarities between the queries and the markers. The performance of FRED with respect to re-generation of bound ligand modes was examined on ten different protein/ligand complexes from the Brookhaven Protein Data Bank. It was also examined if FRED is suitable as a screening tool since several other docking methods are used in such a way. Finally it was also examined if it was possible to reduce the time requirements of ROCS when running multiconformer queries by using a combination of single conformer queries coupled with multiconformer queries.The conclusions that could be drawn from this project were that FRED is not a good screening tool, but ROCS performs well as such. It was also found that the scoring functions are the weak spots of FRED. EON is probably very sensitive to the conformers used but can in some cases strengthen the results from ROCS. A novel and simple way to reduce the time complexity with multiconformer queries to ROCS was discovered and was shown to work well.
Bibliographical Information:

Advisor:

School:Högskolan i Skövde

School Location:Sweden

Source Type:Master's Thesis

Keywords:drug discovery rocs eon fred

ISBN:

Date of Publication:03/07/2008

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