Análisis socio-económico de la economía de Bolivia en el marco de la actual oleada de globalización
After an acute process of inflation and recession in the previous years of 1985, Bolivia managed a political economy in order to stabilize the economy and to obtain a rate of 3% annual average GDP growth. The fiscal discipline and the stability constituted two major goals of the macroeconomic policies. However, these policies have not allow for enough rates of growth in order to reduce rates of poverty and inequality in the country. From the 90s, Bolivia has been striving battles to alleviate the poverty by establishing a frame of policies that recognize the importance of the political-institutional and social factors in the development of Bolivia. Social reforms in the education areas, and health started within the framework of popular participation as well as administrative decentralization. The result of these actions was the increase of the social investment, which among other aspects allowed to extent some basic social services. After more than 20 years of structural democracy and reforms, Bolivia has managed important advances to consolidate institutionalism and economic stability. Nevertheless, the change process has not finalised and it is required to deepen the actions in favour of a greater fairness than it allows, reducing the high levels of poverty that prevail especially in the rural area. The low profile of the Bolivian exports is one of the lowest in Latin America, because the extractive industry participates with more than 70% in total exports. Thus the exportable supply of Bolivia is focused mainly in raw materials and basic products of low added value. The low technological level, the low development of the physical infrastructure, the progressive deterioration of the productive bases, among other factors, explain why Bolivia does not produce goods and services that satisfy the international markets. On the other hand, its citizens can not enjoy a standard of life according to a sustainable growth. The 90% of the new jobs in the capital cities have been absorbed by micro-companies with less than 10 employees and nearly 95% of the countrys workforce is in the rural area. This tendency is characterized by precarious conditions of work, low productivity and informal employment. Today, almost 83% of the occupied population works in micro-companies but only contribute to 24% of the GDP. For this reason, it is urgent to extend the economic base, for which it is needed to multiply new competitive performers and diversify the economic structure oriented to be more competitive in international markets and allow to reach a reduction of poverty This research work leaves from the economic insufficiencies, but it ends up speaking of the social, cultural and political transformation that must and can accompany the economic transformation, beyond the wealth and promises from natural resources.
Advisor:Moslares García, Carlos
School:Universitat Rovira i Virgili
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:iqs ade economia i finances
Date of Publication:01/17/2007