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The role of iron oxyhydroxides in phosphorus chemistry of some East Texas forest soils

by Hass, Amir

Abstract (Summary)
Forest soil phosphorus (P) chemical behavior was evaluated in some mid-rotation fertilized loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) plantations in East Texas, that differed in their site drainage characteristics. Forest floor mass and carbon content in the forest floor were determined. Total P (PT) in the forest floor, and total and Mehlich-1 P and citratedithionite (CD) and acid ammonium-oxalate (AAO) extractable P, Al, Fe, and Mn within the mineral soil upper 100 cm were determined. Colorimetric determination of AAOand CD-extractable P by the molybdenum blue ascorbic acid method, without the use of pre-digestion, was assessed by an automated continuous flow injection system. Phosphorus distribution between different operationally defined solid phases and its relationships with CD and AAO extractable Mn, Al, Fe among depth, site, drainage class and treatment were evaluated. Soil P forms were highly correlated with iron oxides across sites, drainage classes, treatments, and depth intervals with significant differences in P content and distribution in the soil profile and solid phases among drainage classes. Soil P distribution patterns differed among drainage classes, yet it followed the distribution of the iron oxides. Iron oxide�s role as a sink for soil P was higher in the well-drained compared to the poorly drained sites. Amorphous phases of iron oxides were higher in the poorly drained sites and dominated the role of iron oxides as a sink for P under the poor drainage conditions. Fertilization resulted in significantly higher forest floor mass, P content in the forest floor, and total P (PT) and CD-extractable P (Pd) in the soils� upper 10 cm. The treatment effect on P in the forest floor, and on PT and Pd in the upper 10 cm of the mineral soil was equivalent to 6, 19, and 11% of the applied P, respectively. AAO-extractable P was highly correlated with Mehlich-1 P in the fertilized plots. Treatment and site drainage class effects on P accumulation in the different solid phases in the mineral soil and in the forest floor and the potential contribution of these pools to P availability in subsequent rotations, following clearcutting, are discussed.
Bibliographical Information:

Advisor:Messina, Michael G; Fisher, Richard F; Hons, Frank M; Loeppert, Richard H Jr.; Smith, Charles T Jr.

School:Texas A&M University

School Location:USA - Texas

Source Type:Master's Thesis

Keywords:phosphorus iron oxide

ISBN:

Date of Publication:08/01/2005

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