The role of CCL5 (RANTES) in the immune response against Mycobacterium tuberculosis in the guinea pig
expression and TNF? protein production (as assessed in the L929 cell bioassay) in macrophages. The effect of BCG-vaccination on CCL5 expression and production in leukocytes infected with M. tuberculosis was examined in vitro and in vivo. Polyclonal anti-rgpCCL5 was used to develop an ELISA assay to quantify gpCCL5 protein levels, and real-time PCR was used to detect CCL5 mRNA. Leukocytes isolated from BCG-vaccinated guinea pigs and infected in vitro with virulent M. tuberculosis demonstrated significantly elevated gpCCL5 mRNA and protein compared to cells from naive animals. The response of gpCCL5 to M. tuberculosis in vivo was studied in tuberculous pleural effusions, where peak levels of CCL5 mRNA and protein were reached at day 4 post-induction. Disease severity, cellular differentiation, histology, and cytokine/chemokine mRNA levels in pleural cells and granulomas were analyzed on day 4 in guinea pigs induced with tuberculous pleurisy and treated with either rgpCCL5 or anti-rgpCCL5 by direct intra-pleural injection. In these studies, neutralizing CCL5 resulted in reduced macrophage accumulation, diminished levels of IFN?, TNF?, and CCL5 mRNA in pleural effusion cells, and reduced spontaneous lymphocyte proliferation. Together these studies suggest an important role for gpCCL5 in activating leukocytes during M. tuberculosis infection.
Advisor:McMurray, David; Welsh, Jane; Skare, Jonathon; Tesh, Vernon
School:Texas A&M University
School Location:USA - Texas
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:rantes chemokines mycobacterium tuberculosis cytokines pleurisy macrophages
Date of Publication:12/01/2004