The relationship between behaviour and metabolic rate of juvenile Brown trout Salmo trutta Länken mellan bettende och ämnesomsättning hos bäcköring Salmo trutta
In salmonids, the decision to migrate or remain resident is influenced by the status, and hence condition, of individuals. Status has been suggested to arise from the temperament of fish. In this study the links between standard metabolic rate and the levels of aggressiveness and shy/boldness were examined for 0+, hatchery-raised brown trout (Salmo trutta). I hypothesized, from the results of earlier studies (Cutts et al., 1998; Yamamoto et al., 1998), that high metabolic rates (MR) would be positively correlated to levels of aggression and boldness. The study was conducted in 200 L aquaria in which aggressiveness was measured by allowing each fish to interact with a mirror image of itself, and shy/boldness was tested by measuring the amount of time a fish used before exploring a new area. Standard metabolic rate was measured in a flow-through respirometer. In contrast to my expectations, there was no correlation between the different behavioural measures and the metabolic rate of fish. Also, no correlation between boldness and aggressiveness of fish was found. In additional testing aggressiveness correlated positively with the condition of fish (in coherence with Harwood et al., 2003) but, contrary to earlier studies (Överli et al., 2004; Schjolden & Winberg, 2007), not with the speed of acclimatization. The difference in results between this test and earlier studies, concerning the degree of correlation between MR and aggressiveness, suggests that the strength of this link differs between species of salmonids. Also, it may suggest changeability in the MR – behaviour link in different environments. Last, the status and condition of individuals cannot be unambiguously explained by temperament alone, but arise from a wider array of physiological and environmental factors.
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:öring ämnesomsättning beteende animal physiology zoofysiologi ethology and behavioural ecology etologi och beteendeekologi
Date of Publication:01/01/2009