The reform of Shanghai's housing system : a comparativeperspective
Abstract of the thesis entitled
The Reform of Shanghai's Housing System: A Comparative perspective
Submitted by: Ester van Steekelenburg, Hong Kong April 2003
For the degree of Doctor of Philosophy at the University of Hong Kong
In 1998 the State Council of the People's Republic of China passed new legislation, which announced the end of welfare provision of housing and has accelerated housing reform in Chinese cities. This study is in response to the dramatic change in China's housing system. Stating that it is essential to know the impact of the measures introduced to date before embarking on a new phase of reform, it analyses the performance of the Shanghai housing reform in the 1988-1998 period.
Based on a model of selected housing indicators, representing policy content, context, and of housing systems, it analyses how Shanghai's housing reform has changed housing affordability, quantity and quality of housing for urban residents in Shanghai. It concludes that while obvious achievements have been made in terms of quantitative housing production, the improvements to affordability and quality of housing are less profound. Hence affordability and access to housing both in a quantitative and a qualitative sense remain a problem for many households in Shanghai. Specific target groups such as the poor, the elderly or the migrants did not receive any mention in the plans and are therefore largely excluded from housing solutions.
The second part of the study introduces a comparative perspective.
Using the indicator model a case study shows the differences and similarities between housing reform in Shanghai and Budapest, another transitional economy. It concludes that although instruments that were introduced in the housing reform process were of similar nature in the two' pities, the achievements of the reform process bear little similarities, because of the difference in pre-reform conditions, the economic context and pace of the reform process..
In addition two welfare based housing systems are analysed according to the same indicator model: the Singaporean system and the Dutch system. The results of these comparative studies have been used to explore the functionality of the instruments and regulations in place in the areas where improvement was required in Shanghai's reform process. Notably: a semi-public housing corporations accompanied by a loan guarantee structure to provide affordable rental stock, private rental solutions, improvement liquidity of the Housing Provident Fund to ensure a continuation of access to housing finance, secondary market promotion to reduce the price of housing and tax incentives to promote housing affordability.
To conclude recommendations are made on how to proceed with the second phase of housing reform in Shanghai.
School:The University of Hong Kong
School Location:China - Hong Kong SAR
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:housing policy china shanghai
Date of Publication:01/01/2003