The psychological well-being of the caregivers of the dependent elderly in hong kong
The present study aimed at identifying an appropriate measure of the psychological well-being of the caregivers with the avowed happiness as the indicator of subjective feeling of psychological well-being. The psychological well-being of the caregivers of dependent elderly were compared with that of the caregivers of the independent elderly. Attempts were also made to study the correlates of the caregiver's psychological well-being.
Nineteen caregivers of dependent elderly and twenty caregivers of independent elderly were interviewed using a semi-structured interview schedule, the Affect Balance Scale (ABS), the Cantonese version of the 30-item General Health Questionaire (GHQ) and the Burden Interview (BI). The elderly were screened and controlled for degree of dependency with the Clifton Assessment Procedures for the Elderly (CAPE) Survey Version.
The Affect Balance Scale was found to be significantly correlated with the avowed happiness and the frequently used measures (GHQ and BI). It allowed for a deeper understanding of the dynamics of the two dimension of psychological well-being - Positive and Negative Affect.
Caregivers of the dependent elderly were significantly higher on negative affect. There was also a trend of lower positive affect but the difference was not significant in the present study.
The degree of social particiaption was found to be significantly related to the positive affect while no significant difference was found on physical health and financial well-being. Other correlates such as attitude towards the caregiving experience, future orientation of the caregivers, Informal support, relationship with the elderly, and dependency grades of the elderly yield no significant results.
The implications for service provision was also discussed.
School:The University of Hong Kong
School Location:China - Hong Kong SAR
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:older people china hong kong psychology
Date of Publication:01/01/1987