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The prevalence of heart-healthy menu items in restaurants of West Virginia [electronic resource] /

by Jones, Jenni

Abstract (Summary)
THE PREVALENCE OF HEART-HEALTHY MENU ITEMS IN RESTAURANTS OF WEST VIRGINIA By Jenni L. Jones Heart disease and obesity are concurring health problems in the state of West Virginia (WV). With obesity levels rising and heart disease remaining the number one cause of mortality in WV, the need for a lifestyle change is prominent. The West Virginia Restaurant Survey attempted to determine the availability of heart-healthy food items that restaurants offer and how the items are promoted in order to determine the need for intervention programs that support heart-healthy food choices. Menus were analyzed from restaurants located in the top ten most populated cities in WV. Gas stations, mini-marts, and bars without restaurants were excluded. The survey consisted of two sections, 1) designated heart-healthy menu choices (use symbols), and, 2) nondesignated heart-healthy menu choices (foods that are considered heart-healthy but are not promoted as such on the menu). Restaurants were classified as casual, ethnic, fine dining, and fast food. The menus were broken into four separate meal types 1) breakfast menu, 2) lunch menu, 3) dinner menu, or 4) lunch and dinner combination menu. The results of the West Virginia Restaurant Survey showed that 9 percent of restaurants offered identified heart-healthy menu choices. Only one restaurant displayed the USDA Dietary Guidelines and no restaurants displayed the 5-A-Day logo. Eightyeight (88) percent of the menus offering identified heart-healthy choices were from the lunch and dinner combination menu. The combination menu also offered significantly more (p < 0.05) non-identified heart-healthy food items. Ethnic restaurants offered significantly more (p < 0.05) identified heart-healthy menu choices compared to casual, fine dining, and fast food. However, the casual restaurants offered significantly more (p < 0.05) non-identified heart-healthy options. In conclusion, the need for heart-healthy programs in the restaurant environment in West Virginia is apparent. iii
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Advisor:

School:West Virginia University

School Location:USA - West Virginia

Source Type:Master's Thesis

Keywords:restaurants cardiovascular system obesity

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