Etnobotânica nordestina: plantas medicinais da comunidadeMuribeca ( Jaboatão dos Guararapes ? PE, Brasil)

by de Oliveira, Gisele Lopes

Abstract (Summary)
In Muribeca community, located in the poor suburbs of Jaboatão dos Guararapes ? PE, an survey about the knowledge, use and manipulation of medicinal herbs was realized. The study was carried during ten month. Semi-structured interviews were applied to six woman from theCentro de Saúde Alternativa de Muribeca (CESAM), the alternative health center of Muribeca town, an important primary healthcare place that treats the local inhabitants using medicinal herbs, and also to 20 inhabitants that live there for more than 10 years, indicated through the Snow Ball technique. The results show a total of 44 medicinal species, from 29 botanical families, cultivated in the CESAM. The more cited families were Lamiaceae (8 spp) and Asteraceae (6 spp)and niniteen herbal medicines are manipulated and commercialized. The plants more cited (25) are native from Tropical America and South America and only 12 native fromBrazil. The more comon medicinal uses were problems related to the respiratory, digestive and nervous systems. The value of the Relative Importance (RI) higher was Petiveria alliacea L. (2,0) e Ocimum selloi Benth (1,6). Ten species were mentioned as toxic if misused; from those two, Xanthosoma sagittifolium Schoot (Araceae) and Laportea aestuans (L.) Chew. (Urticaceae), used in the treatment of the osseous disease, were study. Were analyzed the tenor of free calcium(Ca++), to confirm the traditional use. The interviews related the adequate manipulation. Were. The results show that X. sagittifolium and L. aestuans leaf contain significant quantity of Ca++. The specialists mentioned 70 botanic species ant the ones that showed the higher number of Relative Importance (RI) were Petiveria alliacea L. (2,0) followed by Ocimum selloi Benth. (1,6); and the most indicated body systems through the informant consensus factor (ICF) werethe infectious diseases (1,0), diseases of the endocrine glands, nutrition, and metabolism (0,9) and diseases of the skeletal and muscular system and connective tissues (0,89). A total of 56 medicinal species were mentioned from the 20 not specialist inhabitants from the community. The species with the higher values of Relative Importance (RI) were Cymbopogon citratus (DC) Stapf (2,0), Lippia alba (Mill.) N.E.Br (2,0) and Mentha x villosa Huds (1,8), and the higher ICF values were observed in the parasite-related diseases (1,0), problems of the nervous system (0,79) e problems of the digestive system (0,72)
This document abstract is also available in Portuguese.
Bibliographical Information:

Advisor:Laise de Holanda Cavalcanti Andrade

School:Universidade Federal de Pernambuco

School Location:Brazil

Source Type:Master's Thesis

Keywords:etnobotânica ethnobotany medicinal herbs toxic urban community


Date of Publication:02/23/2007

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