A new generation of high temperature oxygen sensors
Potentiometric internal reference oxygen sensors were created by embedding a metal/metal oxide mixture within an yttria-stabilized zirconia oxygen-conducting ceramic superstructure. A static internal reference oxygen pressure was produced inside the reference chamber of the sensor at the target application temperature. The metal/metal oxide-containing reference chamber was sealed within the stabilized zirconia ceramic superstructure by a high pressure (3-6 MPa) and high temperature (1200-1300 oC) bonding method that initiated grain boundary sliding between the ceramic components. The bonding method created ceramic joints that were pore-free and indistinguishable from the bulk ceramic. The oxygen sensor presented in this study is capable of long-term operation and is resistant to the strains of thermal cycling. The temperature ceiling of this device was limited to 800 oC by the glass used to seal the sensor package where the lead wire breached the inner-to-outer environment. Were it possible to create a gas-tight joint between an electron carrier and stabilized zirconia, additional sealing agents would not be necessary during sensor construction. In order to enable this enhancement it is necessary to make a gas-tight joint between two dissimilar materials: a ceramic electrolyte and an efficient ceramic electron carrier. A conducting perovskite, La xSr 1-xAl yMn 1-yO 3, was joined to YTZP at 1250 oC and 1350 oC. X-ray diffraction was used to gain structural information on the perovskite. Room temperature resistivity measurements were performed on joined and unjoined samples to determine the extent to which joining altered electron conduction within the LSAM. Electron microscopy confirmed that intergranular penetration occurred at the joining plane leading to effective bonding between the two dissimilar ceramics. Raman spectral maps of the joined samples demonstrated that joining temperature determines the extent to which interlayers begin to form in the joining plane. X-ray microdiffraction of the joining planes confirmed a threshold temperature for operation of a device created from these materials at 1350 oC. A new material with diminished reactivity and high conductivity is presented to serve as a replacement for metal electrodes. In this manner, the model for a new generation of high-temperature oxygen sensors with internal references and ceramic wires is elucidated.
School:The Ohio State University
School Location:USA - Ohio
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:oxygen sensor perovskite joining seal plastic deformation lsam lsm combustion ceramic bonding grain boundary sliding
Date of Publication:01/01/2007