The moderating influence of positive life events, social support, and attributional style on psychological distress
ATTRACT This study examined the relationship between negative life events and psychological, distress and the moderating influences of positive life events, social support and attributional style in this relationship. One hundred and eleven first year university students served as subjects. Instruments used in this study were the Life Experiences Survey, Interpersonal Support Evaluation List, Attributional Style Questionnaire, and General Health Questionnaire. Negative life events were found to significantly correlate with psychological distress. A stress-buffering effect of positive life events was found. Independent and stress-buffering effects of social support were also found. Furthermore, the self-esteem type of support was identified to be responsible for the interactive effects of social support. A significant correlation between negative life events and psychological distress was also found among subjects who explained negative outcomes in terras of internal, stable, and global factors, or, Negative (I-S-G), but not among those who explained negative outcomes in terms of external, unstable, and specific factors, or. Negative (E-U-S). Finally, the buffering effects of positive life events and social support were greater in those Negative (I-S-G) than in those Negative (E-U-S).
School:The University of Hong Kong
School Location:China - Hong Kong SAR
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Date of Publication:01/01/1987