The information structure in Hong Kong Form III integrated science and social studies textbooks
This research project aims at describing the information structure in Hong Kone junior secondary Science and Social Studies textbooks. The results and discussions are presented in two parts: the Integrated Science Study and the Social Studies Study.
Two editions (1986 and 1979) of the Form 3 Integrated Science textbook and of the Form 2 Social Studies textbook (1986 and 1977) were selected and from which sample topic uni ts and sample text passages were subsequently selected. Analysis was conducted at two levels: at the macro-level, the macro-information structures of the respective Integrated Science and Social Studies sample topic units were analysed and compared; and at the micro-level, the microinformation structures of the respective Integrated Science and Social Studies sample text passages were analysed and compared in terms of their text types and information constituents, complexity of text (Propositional Analysis) and organization of text (Content Analysis). A global comparison between the Integrated Science and the Social Studies Studies was also conducted.
The results of both the Integrated Science and the Social Studies Studies display a consistent and tidy pattern: the language usage is les s complex in the text passages of the 1986 edi tions of textbooks, ie. the average number of words per sentence and the average number of propositions per sentence are notably less than those of the earlier counterpart editions.
In the Integrated Science Study, the results indicate that the macro-information structures of the two selected topic units differ from each other and that more information is included in the 1979 edition. Furthermore, the results of the Content Analyses revealed that the content (which is roughly the same) in the sample text passages is organized in quite different ways, ie. their microinformation structures also differ from each other. The results also indicate that the apparent language simplification in the 1986 sample text passaee has brought about a phenonemon which the authors themselves might not have expected, that is the simplification (or reduction) of the micro-information structure.
In the Social Studies Study, it was found that other than some small differences, the macro-information structures of the two selected topic units are very similar. It was also found that in the 1986 and 1977 sample text passages, the content (which is roughly identical) has been organized in a very similar way. That is to say, their micro-information structures bear a close resemble nee to each other despite the fact that simpler language usage is employed in the 1986 edition. The results of the Content Analyses revealed that information in both editions has been satisfactorily structured and
School:The University of Hong Kong
School Location:China - Hong Kong SAR
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:social sciences textbooks china hong kong science
Date of Publication:01/01/1986