An evaluation of the role of the Housing Department in promoting public awareness of environmental management in public housing estates
Looming mountains of waste is one of Hong Kong's most serious environmental challenges in the future. The continuous increases in municipal and construction waste, the high cost of sanitary land filling and diminishing landfill space has resulted in the need for the new waste management policies to lessen the amount of waste disposal. Therefore, the government has set targets for diverting waste from landfills through the reuse, reduction and recycling of waste components. As a housing provider for nearly half of the population of Hong Kong, the Housing Department (HD) has been actively promoting waste reduction and recovery in public housing estates. It aims at encouraging residents to take up shared responsibility for environmental protection and changing residents' attitude and behavior towards environmental conservation. In view of this, this paper aims at evaluating the effectiveness of the HD in arousing residents' awareness on environmental conservation. To study the effectiveness of the HD in mobilizing the public to participate in the environmental programmes, this paper examines the attitude and behaviour of public housing residents toward the Waste Recycling Campaign implemented by the HD and analyzes the correlation between the recycling rates in different public estates and various social and economic factors. With the incorporation.of the Azjen's model of Reason Action and Planned Behaviour in the design of the survey, the result shows that generally residents have a
positive environmental attitude towards the recycling programmes. Nevertheless, in terms of concrete actions, participation in recycling activities is still comparatively low. This reveals that the heightened awareness of environmental problems does not necessary lead to actual environmental conservation activities. In regard of the external factors affecting the participation rate of the recycling, this research shows that the recycling rate is correlated with the physical condition of an estate as well as the education level of the residents. The results provide important implication for the HD in reviewing its current environmental programmes to the substantial development of the future environmental policy.
School:The University of Hong Kong
School Location:China - Hong Kong SAR
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:hong kong china housing dept public environmental aspects
Date of Publication:01/01/2005