Développement et évaluation d’une méthode LC-MS/MS pour l’analyse de résidus de tir en criminalistique/Development and assessment of a LC-MS/MS method for the analysis of gunshot residues in criminalistics
This thesis deals with a research project entitled "Development of an integral system of detection and identification of gunshot residues”, carried out at the Belgian National Institute of Criminalistics and Criminology (NICC). This project aims at providing the Laboratory of Chemical Ballistics, a powerful tool to detect and identify organic gunshot residues. For instance, the analyses of gunshot residues is presently performed mainly for characterizing metallic particles originating from the primer, using scanning electron microscopy coupled to energy dispersive X-ray microanalysis (SEM-EDX). However this technique has its limits and the goal of the thesis was the development of a method for the analysis of the stabilizers (and their derivatives) present in propellant powders with the use of tandem mass spectrometry coupled to high performance liquid chromatography (LC-MS/MS). The introduction highlights the relations between Criminology and Criminalistics; it gives an outline of the classification of weapons, and describes how handguns, ammunitions, gunshot residues and Criminalistics can be linked when investigating criminal cases. The motivation of the analysis of organic gunshot residues and in particular the propellant powder stabilizers is also explained. Chapter 1 deals in detail with the working principle of a quadrupole mass spectrometer, whether it is with a single quadrupole or composed of a tandem mass spectrometer. Important aspects connected with the ion production, the data acquisition and the ion detection are also considered. Chapter 2 presents the results and discussions. It begins with the optimization of the operating conditions of the spectrometer, and focuses more specifically on the determination of “precursor ions" and "daughter ions”. The study of the precursor ion is more important because it is required for the choice of parameters involved in the data acquisition mode. The development of a liquid chromatography (LC) method and the procedures for collecting and preparing the samples are explained. Moreover, Chapter 2 summarizes the results of a feasibility study of the analyses of stabilizers in samples collected from the hands of a shooter. This study was published in a peer reviewed journal . A complementary study on the frequencies of observation of stabilizers on the hands of non-shooter persons is reported at the end the Chapter. The results allow also proposing perspectives which are described in Chapter 3. In this respect, the characterization of nitrocellulose residues and the study of the persistence of stabilizer residues on the hands of shooters should be undertaken. From the practical point of view, the developed methods and procedures should be tested in real cases which involve the analyses of the samples taken from the clothing of suspects and/or victims. These tests should allow an assessment of the LC-MS/MS method compared to the efficiency of the SEM/EDX technique currently used. Chapter 4 is dedicated to the materials and methods; the sample collection and treatment procedures, as well as the working parameters of the mass spectrometer and the analytical methods are explained in detail. . Désiré Laza, Ph.D.; Bart Nys, Ph.D.; Jan De Kinder, Ph.D.; Andrée Kirsch - De Mesmaeker, Ph.D.; and Cécile Moucheron, Ph.D. Development of a Quantitative LC-MS/MS Method for the Analysis of Common Propellant Powder Stabilizers in Gunshot Residue. J. Forensic Sci, July 2007, Vol. 52, N° 4, 842-850.
Advisor:Pr. Buess-Herman Claudine; Pr. Kirsch-De Mesmaeker Andrée; Pr. Moucheron Cécile; Pr. Vander Auwera Jean; Dr. Gerbaux Pascal; Dr. Nys Bart
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:stabilisants spectromètre de masse en tandem mass spectrum daughter ions produits parent précurseurs poudres propulsives propellant powders ammunitions munitions résidus tir gunshot residues adduits adducts handguns armes poing electrospray ionization ionisation par multiple reaction monitoring détection réactions sélectionnées stabilizers criminalistique criminalistics criminologie criminology esi ms tof ci hplc uv lc extraction sur phase solide solid
Date of Publication:02/16/2007