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Reação em cadeia de polimerase (PCR) para o diagnóstico do HIV-1 em doadores de sangue com resultados inconclusivos

by Buarque Valença, Maria Iraci

Abstract (Summary)
The risk of transmission by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) through blood donations constitutes a concern for the professionals of the public health. In the past years, some measures had been adopted and the technological advance in the laboratorial diagnosis has contributed to reduce the transmission of the virus. The purpose of this article is to make an update of HIV infection in the blood donors and the main methods of it diagnostic. A search for relevant articles was conducted online, in the databases Medline-PubMed, Science Direct and Scielo. The research allowed identifying the measures that had been introduced since the sprouting of the epidemic aiming to reduce the risk of HIV transmission in blood banks. Despite of the advance of serologic methods with bigger sensitivity and better specificity and the implantation of molecular diagnostic in some blood banks in the country, still remain the residual risk of transmission of the virus by blood transfusion
This document abstract is also available in Portuguese.
Bibliographical Information:

Advisor:Maria Rosangela Cunha Duarte Coelho

School:Universidade Federal de Pernambuco

School Location:Brazil

Source Type:Master's Thesis

Keywords:Serologic diagnostic Blood donor HIV Molecular Diagnostic

ISBN:

Date of Publication:09/12/2007

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