The effects of SFAS 133 on the corporate use of derivatives, volatility, and earnings management
Abstract (Summary)iii The implementation of Statement of Financial Accounting Standard (SFAS)133 had raised concerns about the potential impact the standard could have on firm hedging activities. Chief among these concerns has been an increase in earnings volatility and a reduction in the use of derivatives. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of SFAS 133 on the use of derivatives, cash flow volatility, earnings volatility, and income smoothing one-year before and after the implementation of the standard. Data from 2000-2001 for a sample of 305 non-financial, non-regulated Fortune 500 was used to determine if the implementation of SFAS 133 had any significant effect on firm hedging activities, volatility of earnings and cash flows, and income smoothing. Using dummy variables and interaction terms to proxy for SFAS 133, the differences in the coefficients after implementation of SFAS 133 are compared to the coefficients in the period before implementation for derivative users and a control group of non-users and also within groups of derivative users. The results of this study showed no significant differences in earnings volatility, cash flow volatility, and income smoothing between derivative users and non-users before and after the implementation of SFAS 133. Results also show no significant decline in the use of derivatives after the implementation of SFAS 133. The empirical evidence does support the claims of critics and managerial concerns about the impact of the standard on volatility and hedging. Within groups of derivative users, there is some evidence that firms reporting a transition adjustment or termination of derivatives, may have smoothed income to reduce volatility. Finally, there is evidence that hedging is a positive determinant of smoothing, but smoothing is not a determinant of hedging.
School Location:USA - Pennsylvania
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Date of Publication: