Caracterização, criopreservação e manipulação genética do sêmen do linguado Paralichthys orbignyanus (Teleostei: Paralichthyidae).
The Brazilian flounder Paralichthys orbignyanus is an important fishing resource from southern Atlantic coast of America and it has being considered for aquaculture. The sperm quality is an important variable in reproductive management of cultured species, influencing directly on the production of viable eggs. Moreover, the adequate knowledge of physical and chemical characteristics of the sperm is an important factor for developing short-term storage and cryopreservation protocols of sperm. The aim of this study was to characterize the P. orbignyanus sperm throughout the reproductive season to facilitate the sperm cryopreservation and to help in development of a sperm mediated gene transfer (SMGT) protocol. In the first part of this study, sperm samples were collected from wild flounders throughout the reproductive season. It was verified that the sperm production and the progressive motility of spermatozoa increased significantly towards the end of reproductive season (P<0.05). The mean time of progressive motility of spermatozoa was 10 min, however the total time of motility reached about 100 min. No difference was observed during the reproductive season inpH, osmolality and concentrations of K+, Cl- e Mg+ measured in seminal plasma as well as in percentage of cells motility. In the middle of the breeding season was observed a reduction in Ca+2 concentration which has coincided with the lesser motility time of spermatozoa. The Na+ concentration increased throughout the season, reaching the highest concentration at the end of reproductive period (P<0.05). In the second part of this study, the cryopreservation of the flounder sperm was carried out. Two different cryosolutions were tested: glycerol ? saline and DMSO - sucrose. The results of fertilization, hatching rate and larval viability demonstrate that both solutions are efficient in the cryopreservation of the flounder sperm. In the last part of this study, some limitant factors for exogenous DNA uptake by spermatozoa were evaluated and a SMGT protocol was developed. It was observed a strong DNase activity in P.orbignyanus seminal plasma. However, it was verified that DNase activity can be eliminated or decreased washing the sperm with EDTA-containing solutions. Moreover, it was verified that an amount of exogenous DNA similar or inferior to 50 ng/106 cells should be used in fish SMGT. At last, it was demonstrated that fish spermatozoa are capable to uptake exogenous DNA spontaneously after DNase activity elimination. This was evidenced through exogenous DNA amplification by PCR. The results of the x present study should help in reproductive management of this species and consequently in implementation of genetic improvement programs based not only in the sperm cryopreservation, but also using modern techniques such as SMGT.
Advisor:Luís André Nassr de Sampaio; Luis Fernando Fernandes Marins; Ricardo Berteaux Robaldo; João Carlos Deschamps
School:Fundação Universidade Federal do Rio Grande
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:paralichthys orbignyanus TGME sperm characterization cryopreservation
Date of Publication:02/25/2008