Educação e autonomia do município: o dito e o feito

by Ferreira Guedes, Elisa Aparecida

Abstract (Summary)
This paper has got the objective of analyzing the autonomy process of the municipalregions concerning its educational policies in Brazil. The research took in account thephenomena of decentralization, deconcentration, municipalization and autonomy. Inorder to achieve this goal, a historical study about the outdated conceptions of theState and its evolvement in time was done, what clearly depicts, as an outcome, theupdated notion of the State of Brazil and its municipal regions nowadays. Then, therange of the educational public policies was discussed in the remodelling scenary ofthe Contemporary State related to the distribution of functions and roles among thefederate beings. In the quest of identifying a possible autonomy for these educationalpublic policies, this study was focused on the district of Patos de Minas, Minas Geraisand its educational system during the period of 1997 to 2003. A bibliographicalresearch about the development process of Brazil was done as a first step.Afterwards, the Brazilian Federal Constitution of 1988 was brought into context,especially in the articles related to education. The Fourteenth Amendment, the lawthat created a National Fund for Maintenance and Enrichment of the EducationalSystem (FUNDEP ? Fundo Nacional de Manutencao e Valorizacao do Magistério)and the law of Aims and Bases for the National Education (Lei 9394/96 ? LDB ? Leide Diretrizes e Bases da Educacao Nacional) were deeply studied in order to detectthe real extension of the municipal autonomy. Also, other texts, laws, projects,reports, statements and statistic data form the district of Patos de Minas wereanalyzed. The decentralization related to the educational policies is indeed regulatedby the Law of Aims and Bases for the National Education, the so called "LDB". Thisregulation is committed to a flexible educational policy, what allows the municipalregions to focus on its own, according to their profile. The deconcentration, though,engages the municipal regions to maintain the common schools only, without theresponsibility to create their own teaching and methodology system, what means thatthe common schools belong to the States. The municipalization itself does not permitus to analyze its credits. It relies on the commitment of each county. Also, theautonomy is ruled and implies the capacity to develop the municipal educationalsystem. However, this autonomy can be limited by the municipal budget, by its illegalor improper use, by the poverty of the assisted population and the economy itself. Itcame to the conclusion that, beyond all the law about the Educational System,maybe it is the public policies, among them the educational one, that creates abarrier to the evolvement of the districts. This fact demands a great self-governmentcapacity to strengthen the municipal autonomy. The State of Brazil controls theeducational policies through the "LDB" Law, systemic assessments, PNLD andPCNs. It is known, although, that there are municipal regions developing its properautonomy.
This document abstract is also available in Portuguese.
Bibliographical Information:

Advisor:Robson Luiz de França; Carlos Alberto Lucena; Maria Abadia da Silva

School:Universidade Federal de Uberlândia

School Location:Brazil

Source Type:Master's Thesis

Keywords:State and education Educational policies Municipalization


Date of Publication:11/16/2005

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