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Avaliação do desajuste e do destorque em pilares protéticos com conexão tipo hexágono externo e interno

by Kano, Stefania Carvalho

Abstract (Summary)
Marginal misfit and the effect of cyclic loading on screw joint stability were analyzed for machined, cast-on and cast abutments with external and internal connection. Twelve samples from each abutment type for external hexagonal implants were included: (A1) machined titanium; (A2) metal premachined with plastic sleeve cast-on with palladium alloy; (A3) plastic abutment cast with NiCr alloy, and (A4) plastic abutment cast with CoCr alloy. And 24 samples for internal hexagonal implants: (B1) machined titanium, and (B2) metal premachined with plastic sleeve cast-on with palladium. Horizontal depth gap, vertical and horizontal gap and rotational misfit were analyzed at the implant/abutment interface. Detorque values were obtained for each group before and after cyclic loading. Mean values for each group for each analysis were evaluated for difference using ANOVA and Student-Newman Keuls. Results were: horizontal depth gap (A1) 54.1±127.75, (A2) 49.4±36.56, (A3) 21.2±21.36, (A4) 33.1±23.81, (B1) 8.4±13.74 and (B2) 34.9±20.49; horizontal gap: (A1) 89.1 ± 14.15, (A2) 39.2 ± 16.87, (A3) 13.5 ± 9.48, (A4) 23.0 ± 21.42, (B1) 10.9 ± 5.68 and (B2) 18.2 ± 10.31; vertical gap: (A1) 5.6 ± 6.46, (A2) 11.1 ± 8.22, (A3) 8.0 ± 9.35, (A4) 6.9 ± 3.78, (B1) 2.1 ± 3.21 and (B2) 12.1 ± 4.75; rotational misfit: (A1) 1.2 ± 0.57, (A2) 1.8 ± 1.31, (A3) 2.0 ± 0.73, (A4) 2.8 ± 1.14, (B1) 2.8 ± 1.08 and (B2) 2.0 ± 1.03; initial detorque: (A1) 92.3 ±3.0, (A2) 81.6 ± 5.0, (A3) 86.4 ± 4.6, (A4) 84.0 ± 7.7, (B1) 88.8 ± 6.8 and (B2) 84.9 ± 2.4 and final detorque: (A1) 41.1 ± 19.3, (A2) 19.8 ± 13.0, (A3) 27.9 ± 6.5, (A4) 37.5 ± 16.2, (B1) 17.1 ± 16.2 and (B2) 23.3 ± 10.9. Marginal gap analysis showed no major differences among all groups. All groups presented less than 5 degrees of rotational misfit, indicating good screw joint stability. External hexagonal machined abutments presented higher initial detorque than all groups, however, no differences were found for final detorque values when compared to cast-on and cast abutments. External hexagonal cast abutments presented higher final detorque when compared to cast-on abutments. External hexagonal machined abutments also presented higher final detorque values when compared to internal hexagonal machined abutments.
This document abstract is also available in Portuguese.
Bibliographical Information:

Advisor:Gerson Bonfante; Marco Antonio Bottino; Joao Henrique Nogueira Pinto; Jose Henrique Rubo; Claudio Luiz Sendyk; Gerson Bonfante

School:Universidade de São Paulo

School Location:Brazil

Source Type:Master's Thesis

Keywords:pilares prótese

ISBN:

Date of Publication:02/21/2005

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