The differences between behaviour patterns in normal and schizophrenic populations contrast or exaggeration?
The -diesis aims to examine the validity of two opposing models. Both models are concerned with the delineation of the relationship between culture and psychopathology. The exaggeration model suggests that the psychopathological behaviour will be an exaggeration of the modal behaviour of a particular culture, while tlie contrast modal suggests the psychopathological behaviour will be a contrast to the modal behaviour of a culture.
With aggression and conformity as dependent variables, the exaggeration model predicts that the Chinese mental patients will manifest less aggression but more conformity compared with the normal counterparts. On the contrary, the contrast model predicts just the opx^osite characteristics in the Chine He mental patients compared with the normal eounterparts. There are three groups of male subjects: 1) 8 hospitalized schizophrenics; 2) 8 hospitalized physically ill persons; and 3) 8 healthy normal persons. The second and third groups are ilie normal control groups. The factor of hospitalization is examined by the comparison between the second and the third groups. Three assessment methoda are used to assess aggression and conformity:
1) Rohde's Sentence Completion Test; 2.) interviews with the subjects; and 3) interviews with the acquaintances of the subjects.
The results of the study, overall, are negative with regard to the p .dictions both of the exaggeration n.^del and of the contrast model. Only a minor portion supports the predictions of the exaggeration model.
This pattern of results is discussed in relation to the weakness of the study. It includes; 1) uncertain validity of assessment methods;
2) the effects of drugs; 3) the selectivity of mental patients for
hospitalization in United Christian Hospital; 4) the ideoloqy of the psychiatric ward; 5) the heterogeneity of the schizophrenic; yroup of subjects; and G) the neglect of the temporal dimension of the study in relation to the dynamic process of mental disorders. In sum, these flaws in the experimental design probably reveal a lack of sufficiently elaborate hypotheses on the whole issue of the relationship between culture and psychopathology,
School:The University of Hong Kong
School Location:China - Hong Kong SAR
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Date of Publication:01/01/1979