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The development, implementation, and evaluation of a dietary and physical activity intervention for overweight, low-income mothers

by Clarke, Kristine Kendrick

Abstract (Summary)
Objective: This study evaluated a program for enhancing nutrition attitudes and promoting weight loss in mothers of young children. Design: An 8-week dietary and physical activity program was tested. Anthropometrics, dietary intake, and nutrition attitudes were measured at weeks 0 and 8. Overweight mothers provided comparison data. Subjects/setting: A sample of 114 intervention mothers and 33 comparison mothers were recruited from public health clinics, community centers, and churches. Eligibility criteria included Hispanic, African-American, or Caucasian ethnicity; (BMI > 25 kg/m 28 2); low-income ( < 200% of the federal poverty index); and youngest child aged 1-4 years. Statistics: Baseline differences in anthropometrics and demographics between groups were tested using the Chi-square and independent samples t-tests. Changes in anthropometrics, nutrients, and attitudes were evaluated with the paired samples t-test. Differences in attitude scores between weight loss responders ( > 5 lbs) and nonresponders ( < 5 lbs) were assessed with analysis of covariance, adjusting for pre-test score. Relationships between variables were tested with Pearson and Spearman correlation coefficients. Results: Intervention participants lost weight, consumed fewer calories, and demonstrated improvements in nutrition attitudes. Weight loss responders had healthier eating attitudes and fewer perceived barriers than non-responders at week 8. Increases in dairy consumption were associated with decreased barriers to healthy eating (-0.22). Conclusion: This dietary and physical activity curriculum is a valuable resource for public health clinics and weight management programs serving low-income women. 29
Bibliographical Information:

Advisor:

School:The University of Texas at Austin

School Location:USA - Texas

Source Type:Master's Thesis

Keywords:low income mothers weight loss exercise for women obesity in united states

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