A decision model to determine class III milk hedging opportunities
Class III milk futures began trading in 1996 with an objective to provide dairy industry players with a means to reduce price risk by transferring that risk to other market players or speculators. Numerous strategies have been proposed for dairy producers to use in price risk reduction that industry participants both support and denounce. One of the objectives of this thesis was to list and analyze a select number of these strategies for their risk-reducing features. Many of these systematic strategies result in lower risk, but the mean Class III price that results from their use was significantly different depending on the strategy used.
Another objective of this thesis was to develop a model-based hedging strategy for Class III milk. Six models were developed to predict the Class III Milk price six months and three months into the future. The results of these models were then compared to the Class III Futures price being offered on the first trading day of the month, six months and three months prior to the production month to be priced. If the futures price was higher, a hedge was initiated. If the futures price was lower, no hedge was initiated and the cash market was used.
The decision models developed and tested in this thesis not only reduced price volatility, they also increased the mean Class III price obtained as compared to a “cash-only” strategy. While the decision models were successful in-sample, their out-of-sample testing proved to be considerably less successful as all of the model-based strategies underperformed the cash market.
The final area researched by this thesis was that of milk price basis. Basis, as it concerns milk prices, is extremely difficult to predict since it involves both physical milk characteristics and government controlled pricing components. While the predictive models tested gave insight into basis prediction, a clear predictive basis model was not found.
School:Kansas State University
School Location:USA - Kansas
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:agriculture cheese pricing dairy hedging milk general 0473 business administration 0310 economics finance 0508
Date of Publication:01/01/2007