Concepções de velhice e cuidado em tres gerações de origem nipo-brasileira

by de Barros, Meyre Eiras

Abstract (Summary)
The aim of this research work is the comparison of ideas and expectations of old age and care of representatives of three age and generation groups of Japanese immigrants and their descendants in Brazil. Eight were Japanese immigrants from 61 to 78 years old; twenty-three were Japanese-Brazilians, eight were from 40 to 52 years old and fifteen were from 20 to 27 years old. AlI were males living in Maringá, state of Paraná, Brazil, one of the principal regions of Japanese immigration in Brazil. The old and middle-aged interviewed persons proceeded from a wealthy group of entrepreneurs and qualified professionals whose academic formation ranged from primary to college education. Community leaders were among the old people. Among the middle-aged there were members of the clergy and homecarers of old parents. The young people were college students from the scientific and technological areas. Analysis perspective was transcultural supported by Erik Erikson' s epigenetic psychological method. A qualitative methodology was used which included an analysis of information contents produced by semi-structured interviews with voluntary informants called through personal indication and invitation. Data analysis showed a very near meaning of old age among the age groups even though a uniform concept is lacking. All consider old age positively. Old age is considered a source of wisdom, life experience and an awareness of one' s own achievments. These are attributes that guarantee respect and power to old people and are considered traditional values of the Japanese family. The idea that old age is associated with wisdom, integrity and management is predominant. With regard to old age proper alI groups presented positive perspectives which, in their opinion, is in conformity with J apanese cultural values. They expect that these values will be maintained among future generations too. However, the majority, chiefly the younger interviewed people, showed concern about the possibility of change as a consequence of social mobility, change in values and alterations in the family structure which they perceive are occuring in their group. With regard to dependence and care expectation, the groups accept dependence as something that has to be endured and to be afraid of, even though it is natural in the life cycle. All interviewed qualify physical dependence as "very bad" and they choose the family as the place for care. Care of old people is seen by alI as a moral duty of reciprocity between generations. The acceptance of dependence and care by offspring is considered as a virtue linked to wisdom. The educational process in the family is indicated as the chief, sometimes the only, means of preservation of traditional cultural values established on hierarchical principIes of respect for old people by the younger generations, of the moral duty of reciprocity attributed to offspring and of solidarity that ideally should guide relationships among generations
This document abstract is also available in Portuguese.
Bibliographical Information:

Advisor:Anita Liberalesso Neri; Anita Liberalesso Neri [Orientador]

School:Universidade Estadual de Campinas

School Location:Brazil

Source Type:Master's Thesis

Keywords:velhice imigrantes japoneses crenças expectativa psicologia


Date of Publication:02/25/1997

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