Caracterización de la expresión de móleculas de adhesión endotelial durante la listeriosis murina experimental. importancia de los neutrófilos en el desarrollo de lesiones en el sistema nervioso central
Systemic murine listeriosis is characterized by the rapid influx of leukocytes, especially neutrophils but also macrophages, into the site of initial bacterial replication, especially the liver and spleen. Neutrophils play a critical role in reducing the bacterial burden in these organs. Neutrophils are also the main inflammatory cell present in meningitis, ventriculitis/choroiditis and rombencephalitis that develop during the course of human and experimental murine listeriosis. Recruited neutrophils are thought to contribute to the elimination of L. monocytogenes, although they could also be involved in the development of progressive brain injury via the release of harmful mediators and/or participating in the dissemination of Listeria .
The aim of this study was to detect by immunohistochemistry the expression of the endothelial adhesion molecules E-selectin, P-selectin and ICAM-1 during the course of experimental murine listeriosis and to determine if correlation existed between the expression of these adhesion molecules and the inflammatory infiltrate in the target organs. In addition, the role of neutrophils in the development of the lesions in the central nervous system (CNS) was studied by the in vivo administration of the neutrophil-depleting antibody RB6-8C5.
Immunohistochemical techniques to detect ICAM-1, P-selectin and E-selectin in formalin-fixed, paraffin embedded tissues were developed using standard antigen unmasking protocols. The distribution and pattern of expression of E-selectin and ICAM-1 in normal and lipopolysaccharide-stimulated mice was described. No constitutive expression of E-selectin was found in any of the normal tissues investigated. In stimulated animals, E-selectin expression was detected on endothelial cells in most evaluated organs. ICAM-1 was constitutively expressed, and was upregulated in all the organs after LPS inoculation. The results paralleled previous studies where immunohistochemistry on frozen sections was used.
During the course of experimental murine listeriosis, a strong up-regulation of P-selectin and ICAM-1 occurred rapidly after the infection. E-selectin was faint and inconstantly detected in all the studied organs. The expression of these adhesion molecules was correlated with the recruitment of leukocytes, especially to the liver, lymphoid organs and CNS. In the liver, typical lesions of murine listeriosis were related to the expression of ICAM-1 on sinusoidal endothelial cells, and to the de novo expression of P-selectin in hepatic portal vessels. Inflammation in the spleen was related to the expression of ICAM-1 on red pulp sinusoidal cells, especially in the marginal sinus. High endothelial venules of inflamed lymph nodes also expressed P-selectin and ICAM-1. In the CNS, the expression of P-selectin and up-regulation of ICAM-1 in meningeal vessels, especially in those located in the hippocampal sulcus, was associated with the initial meningeal inflammation and suggest that neutrophils probably reach the CNS through these vessels during experimental murine listeriosis. Leptomeningitis was followed by the presence of ventriculitis, which was related to the up-regulation of ICAM-1 on choroid plexus epithelial cells, periventricular vessels and ependimal cells.
Administration of the neutrophil-depleting antibody RB6-8C5 during experimental murine listeriosis enhanced or facilitated multiplication of L. monocytogenes as well as lesion formation in the CNS of infected mice. Thus, neutrophils not only play a key role in host defense against L. monocytogenes infection in the limiting early bacterial multiplication in the liver and the spleen, but they are also crucial in eliminating bacteria that gain access to the CNS compartment.
Advisor:Marco Valle, Alberto
School:Universitat Autónoma de Barcelona
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:457 departament de salut i anatomia animals
Date of Publication:07/15/2003