Poétique de la Relation Scolaire dans le Roman Francophone
This dissertation focuses on the interrelationships between the French colonial school and the social milieu where it has been implanted, as well as on the alliances that have been woven between that school and the authors that it has educated. The analysis of Albert Camus’s short story « L’Hôte » [“The Guest”] serves as a matrix for this study, and a dialogical relationship has been established throughout between the first chapter and subsequent chapters. The chapter on Mouloud Feraoun and Mohammed Dib highlights the efforts of these autochthonous Algerians to reposition the Algerian milieu, underrepresented by Camus, by giving it a prominent place in their works, to the point where it becomes a school in its own rights that can compete with and supplement the all pervasive French school in Le Fils du Pauvre and La Grande Maison. The third chapter concerns itself with Subsaharan Africa and features Camara Laye’s L’Enfant Noir and Cheikh Hamidou Kane’s L’Aventure Ambiguë. Both novels illustrate cases of marginalization of indigenous cultures by the colonizer’s school, which is a normalization of the majority by the minority. The final chapter is also about the rehabilitation of the local culture which saved the young protagonist, José, from destructive marginalization by the French school in Joseph Zobel’s La Rue Cases-Nègres, rooted in a Negritude vein. As for Chamoiseau, to the Western “bétonisation” imposed on the Creole culture, he opposes the powerful creativeness of “créolisation” through artistic experimentation of Creole language, thus subverting the French canon and the colonial school. In sum, the six novels analyzed in this study legitimate Camus as a visionary: the Francophone works examined all share the strong desire for a cultural balancing at the Center.
School:The Ohio State University
School Location:USA - Ohio
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:repositioning indigenous cultures and milieu civilizing mission in the caribbean maghreb sub saharan africa unbalanced assimilation subverting french literary canon
Date of Publication:01/01/2007