A cost effectiveness analysis of preventative mitigation options for wildland urban interface homes threatened by wildfire
Two suites of mitigation options are then designed, one concentrating on structural modification and fuels removal / replacement within 100 feet of each home (generally homeowner responsibility), and one using an optimization tool (MAGIS) to schedule thinning and prescribed burning treatments within 1.5 miles of homes (generally land management agency responsibility). The effectiveness of the mitigation options on both the individual model results and the combined average hazard estimates range from zero to 63 percent. While both home ignition zone mitigations and silvicultural treatments can markedly reduce wildfire hazard estimates, the former appear to provide a more linear reduction in hazard as correlated with budgets. Future work should focus on upgrading SIAM, stabilizing SIMPPLLE predictions or substituting a wildfire behavior model, and integrating the modeling system into a user-friendly GIS tool.
Advisor:Dr. James Burchfield
School:The University of Montana
School Location:USA - Montana
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:college of forestry and conservation
Date of Publication:03/29/2007