Geschmackspräferenz bei Patienten mit Morbus Crohn eine interdisziplinäre Studie unter zahnmedizinischen Aspekten

by Drude, Clemens

Abstract (Summary)
Background: An increased intake of sucrose is reported in patients with Crohn's disease (CD). Subclinical zinc deficiency is frequently described in CD. The relationship between taste perception and sucrose intake in respect to zinc as well as the effect on dental and oral health in CD patients should be examined. Methods: In 24 CD patients and 24 age matched controls (Con) carbohydrate intake and plasma zinc levels were assessed. Taste threshold, oral hygiene and caries prevalence were evaluated. Results: In CD a higher sucrose intake (CD 107,1 plusminus 27,7 vs. Con 71,9 plusminus 13,7 g/d; p<0,001), a higher taste threshold for sweet (CD 7,31 vs. Con 2,91 g/l; p<0,001) and lower plasma zinc levels (CD 11,5 plusminus 1,5 vs. Con 13,5 plusminus 2,0 µmol/l; p<0,001) were found. API was poor (CD 85,4 plusminus 23,6 vs. Con 31,8 plusminus 24,1; p<0,001) and correlated with sucrose intake (p<0,01). Caries prevalence was increased in patients with longer disease (>3 years) (DMFT index: >3 years 15,6 plusminus 5,7 vs. <3 years 9,5 plusminus 4,3; p<0,05). Conclusion: Dental status in CD patients is poor. Both excessive sugar consumption and insufficient oral hygiene seem to cause the higher caries prevalence. Obviously, patients with CD belong to a high-risk group, and preventive measures should be taken early in the cuorse of the disease.
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Bibliographical Information:


School:Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin

School Location:Germany

Source Type:Master's Thesis

Keywords:Kariesprävalenz Crohn's disease Taste oral hygiene caries prevalence


Date of Publication:10/02/2003

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