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The application of a PRRSV reverse genetic system for the study of nonstructural protein (nsp) function

by Kim, Dal-Young

Abstract (Summary)
Infectious cDNA clones of PRRSV make it possible to construct marker viruses for the study of virus replication and pathogenesis. The nonstructural protein 2 (nsp2) of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) is the single largest protein produced during virus replication. The cDNA of the pCMV-129 infectious PRRSV clone was modified by creating unique Mlu I and SgrA I restrictions sites at nucleotide (nt) positions 3,219 and 3,614, respectively: both located within the C-terminal region of nsp2. cDNAs coding for oligo- and polypeptide tags, including FLAG, enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) and firefly luciferase were inserted into the newly created restriction sites. The results showed that only the EGFP-containing genomes were properly expressed and produced virus. EGFP fluorescence, but not EGFP immunoreactivity, was lost during passage of recombinant EGFP viruses in culture. Sequencing of a fluorescence-negative EGFP virus showed that the EGFP remained intact, except for the appearance of mutations that may affect chromophore formation. The results show that nsp2 can be a site for the expression of foreign proteins.

Removal of the region between Mlu I and SgrA I sites resulted in a virus that contained a 131 amino acid deletion. The deleted region was replaced with EGFP or an eight amino acid influenza hemagglutanin (HA) tag. Recombinant viruses were used to infect pigs. Gross and micro-histopathology showed reduced pathogenesis when compared to the parent wild-type virus. The 131 amino acid peptide, when expressed as a recombinant protein and coated onto enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) plates, was recognized by sera from pigs infected with wild-type virus, but not the deletion mutants. The results from this study show that nsp2 is a potential target for the development of marker vaccines that can differentiate infected from vaccinated animals (DIVA) and for virus attenuation.

Bibliographical Information:

Advisor:

School:Kansas State University

School Location:USA - Kansas

Source Type:Master's Thesis

Keywords:prrsv biology veterinary science 0778

ISBN:

Date of Publication:01/01/2007

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