Ytstrukturer och processer för hårdbearbetning av kugghjul och axlar

by Hjertstedt, Johan

Abstract (Summary)
This master thesis report was performed at Linköpings University in cooperation with Scania Transmission in Södertälje and deals with specification of surface textures and processes for hard part machining of cogwheels and shafts. Present blueprints only include requirements for Ra-values, arithmetic mean deviation of the roughness profile (R-profile). Suggestions of new parameters according to SS-EN ISO standards used by Scania have been compiled with the aim of providing a more accurate description of the surface texture that is to be achieved. The result can be applied in general but are focused towards holes of cogwheels, planes and diameters. Furthermore a comparison between different methods is presented so that the transmission workshops can manufacture cogwheels and shafts in a costefficient manner. The work is based on a comparative literature study of handbooks and standards with complementary documentation of the present situation through collecting of measurements. A reference analysis and a few manufacturing tests of hard turning have also been performed. In difference from the present situation a transition from providing Ra-values on the blueprints to specify an upper limit for Rz-value to restrict the amplitude is recommended. Surfaces in relative motion and surfaces in heavy force fit are suggested to be complemented with a lower limit for Rz-values and a lower limit for relative material ratio. With an introduction of material ratio requirements the profiles distribution are also specified. Denunciation of manufacturing method and surface lay if any is suggested to be stated en clair on the blueprint being so that parameters describing characteristic features for different manufacturing methods have shown a wide range of distribution in the present state analysis. Comparison of hard part machining methods have shown that in combination machines, hard turning and grinding, solely hard turning of the cogwheels slide bearing surfaces would be interesting, which also seems plausible due to manufacturing samples and the reference analysis. After approved rigg tests this method can be adopted as a first step of optimization. More interesting concepts for future manufacturing alternatives are provided in the reports result and discussion chapters.
Bibliographical Information:


School:Linköpings universitet

School Location:Sweden

Source Type:Master's Thesis

Keywords:surface textures hard part machining


Date of Publication:03/19/2008

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