Details

Young morbi-mortality by transporte injury in Goiânia/GO

by Caixeta, Carlos Roberto

Abstract (Summary)
Transport accidents are currently one of the world?s main public healthproblems. The aim of this investigation is to describe the profile of transportinjury victims attended at Hospital de Urgências de Goiânia (HUGO) and ofvictims who deceased in these accidents, with age 15 to 24 years, residents inGoiânia, Goiás - Brazil. It also describes the circumstances involved in theseaccidents. This descriptive transversal study was carried out in the city ofGoiânia from August 2005 to August 2006 with systematic sampling,considering the day of the week and the time of the day. At that period wereinterviewed 301 victims attended at HUGO, the main Emergency ServiceCenter of the city, and the family of 62 cases of death occurred in themunicipality. The data were treated by descriptive statistics. Most victimsattended at HUGO and most of those who died were male, mean age 19.94 ±2.73 years. The main transport used by the victims attended at HUGO was themotorcycle (67.33%), followed by the bicycle (16.67%). The motorcycle was themost used by fatal victims (66.67%) as well. The accidents usually occurred atnight, especially around 6 pm to 9 pm and at weekends (fridays and sundays).The victims were generally on the way to do physical, sportive, school, leisureor entertaining activities at that time. Those who were doing paid work had theaccident between 6 am and 9 am. Suspicion of alcohol use was confirmed in15.16% of the cases attended at HUGO and by 26.31% of the family of fatalvictims. The victims attended at HUGO were the drivers in 77.11% of themotorcycle accidents and 92.00% of bicycle accidents, as well as in 76.92% ofthe fatal victims. There were victims under 18 years of age identified as driversof automobiles and motorcycles. In proportion (plt;0.05), more motorcyclists(66.48%) believed that there was imprudence/ negligence than the cyclists(47.72%) attended at HUGO. Security equipment was not used by 8.58% ofmotorcyclists, by 95.45% of cyclists attended at HUGO and by 12.5% of themotorcyclists who died. The safety belt was not used by 50.00% of the attendedat HUGO and by 60.00% of who died. The results indicate a need for adifferentiated look at motorcyclists, which justifies a specific approach to thisgroup, as well as measures of inspection, giving priority to the periods of nightand weekends. The service of attending victims must be planned, adjusting theamount of human, material and equipment resources, and the seasonality ofaccidents. The epidemiologic profile of the victims provides importantinformation for administrators to implement politics of promoting health andpreventing injury transport, which takes intersectional and multiprofessionalactions to confront the problem.Keywords: Transport accidents are currently one of the world?s main public healthproblems. The aim of this investigation is to describe the profile of transportinjury victims attended at Hospital de Urgências de Goiânia (HUGO) and ofvictims who deceased in these accidents, with age 15 to 24 years, residents inGoiânia, Goiás - Brazil. It also describes the circumstances involved in theseaccidents. This descriptive transversal study was carried out in the city ofGoiânia from August 2005 to August 2006 with systematic sampling,considering the day of the week and the time of the day. At that period wereinterviewed 301 victims attended at HUGO, the main Emergency ServiceCenter of the city, and the family of 62 cases of death occurred in themunicipality. The data were treated by descriptive statistics. Most victimsattended at HUGO and most of those who died were male, mean age 19.94 ±2.73 years. The main transport used by the victims attended at HUGO was themotorcycle (67.33%), followed by the bicycle (16.67%). The motorcycle was themost used by fatal victims (66.67%) as well. The accidents usually occurred atnight, especially around 6 pm to 9 pm and at weekends (fridays and sundays).The victims were generally on the way to do physical, sportive, school, leisureor entertaining activities at that time. Those who were doing paid work had theaccident between 6 am and 9 am. Suspicion of alcohol use was confirmed in15.16% of the cases attended at HUGO and by 26.31% of the family of fatalvictims. The victims attended at HUGO were the drivers in 77.11% of themotorcycle accidents and 92.00% of bicycle accidents, as well as in 76.92% ofthe fatal victims. There were victims under 18 years of age identified as driversof automobiles and motorcycles. In proportion (plt;0.05), more motorcyclists(66.48%) believed that there was imprudence/ negligence than the cyclists(47.72%) attended at HUGO. Security equipment was not used by 8.58% ofmotorcyclists, by 95.45% of cyclists attended at HUGO and by 12.5% of themotorcyclists who died. The safety belt was not used by 50.00% of the attendedat HUGO and by 60.00% of who died. The results indicate a need for adifferentiated look at motorcyclists, which justifies a specific approach to thisgroup, as well as measures of inspection, giving priority to the periods of nightand weekends. The service of attending victims must be planned, adjusting theamount of human, material and equipment resources, and the seasonality ofaccidents. The epidemiologic profile of the victims provides importantinformation for administrators to implement politics of promoting health andpreventing injury transport, which takes intersectional and multiprofessionalactions to confront the problem.
This document abstract is also available in Portuguese.
Bibliographical Information:

Advisor:virginia Visconde Brasil

School:Universidade Federal de Goiás

School Location:Brazil

Source Type:Master's Thesis

Keywords:Morbi-mortality, Injury Accidents, Traffic accidents, TransportationNursing

ISBN:

Date of Publication:03/27/2006

© 2009 OpenThesis.org. All Rights Reserved.