Wirkungen von Liganden der "Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptors" auf die Migration von Endothelzellen und die Expression der Endothelzellen und die Expression der endothelialen Adhäsionsmoleküle E-Selectin, VCAM-1 und ICAM-1
In atherosclerotic blood vessels migration of endothelial cells leads to neovascularisation of atherosclerotic Plaques. The adhesion molecules E-Selectin, VCAM-1 and ICAM-1, being expressed by luminal endothelial cells as well as by neovascular endothelial cells, mediate leucocyte-adhesion and transmigration through the endothelial-barrier to the atherosclerotic lesion. Peroxisome Proliferator-Acticated Receptors (PPARs) are ligand-activated nuclear receptors, which regulate gene expression in lipid and glucose metabolism and also exert several vascular effects. It was the aim of this study to examine the effect of the PPAR-alpha-ligands WY-14,643 and fenofibrate and the PPAR-gamma-ligands troglitazone and ciglitazone on endothelial migration and the involved signal transduction components and to examine the effect on the expression of the endothelial adhesion molecules E-Selectin, VCAM-1 and ICAM-1. PPAR-alpha- and PPAR-gamma-ligands significantly inhibited VEGF-induced endothelial cell migration in a concentration-dependent manner. This migratory process is MAP-Kinase- and Akt-dependent and can be blocked by pharmacologic inhibitors of these enzymes. This study is the first to show that PPAR-ligands inhibit endothelial cell migration by targeting Akt whereas MAP-Kinase phosphorylation was not affected by the PPAR-ligands. PPAR-alpha-ligands WY-14,643 and fenofibrate significantly inhibited TNF-alpha-induced expression of VCAM-1 in a time- and concentration-dependent manner. Furthermore, fenofibrate also inhibited the expression of E-Selectin and ICAM-1. PPAR-gamma-ligands troglitazone and coglitazone did not affect the expression of any of these adhesion molecules.
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School:Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Date of Publication:05/09/2006