When are universals? the relationship between universals and time /
In Re realism is the two-pronged view that, first, when this and that have the same
color, this color and that color are identical. There is just one color, the universal.
Second, on the view, this color exists just in case something has it.
Say my cat has the same color as the dog I owned when I was a child. Since the
dog existed before the cat, and precedence being irreflexive, it seems plausible to infer
that the dog and the cat are distinct. Now take the colors. Since the colors are allegedly
in re, and thus perhaps somehow elements of the cat and dog, it seems plausible to infer
that the dog’s color also preceded the cat’s color. And therefore that the cat’s color
cannot be identical with the dog’s. Finally, since the in re realist understands the
sameness of properties in terms of identity, it follows that the cat’s color cannot be the
same as the dog’s.
The problem generalizes: What is the relationship between universals and time?
Ignoring the temporality of that which constitutes time, to be temporal is to have a
temporal “feature.” These “features” are of three kinds: precedence, times, and being
present, past, etc. The fundamental question in each case is whether universals have the
feature. Do universals precede? Are they at times? Are they present?
Time, I argue, is essentially the field in which things happen. To happen, I argue,
is for one thing to do something. For one thing to do something is for the thing to
exemplify a property. Such exemplifications of properties by objects I call “states of
affairs.” Only states of affairs precede, are at times, or are present. Universals, not being
states of affairs, are not temporal.
But, by the same argument which shows that running is not temporal it can be
shown that Jack is not, even though Jack’s running obviously is. So far I have defined
what it is to be temporal; primitive temporality. But since Jack is a constituent of
something temporal, he may be justly thought of as derivatively temporal.
Title and Department
School:University of Iowa
School Location:USA - Iowa
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:universals philosophy time metaphysics
Date of Publication: