Visitor Awareness of Low-impact Camping Techniques in the Wilderness Area Isle Royale National Park, Michigan: An Investigation of Possible Affecting Factors

by Milanowski, Shannon M.

Abstract (Summary)
Wilderness areas possess many attributes, both ecological and recreational. However, recreational activity has been found to be the main contributor to ecosystem degradation, many times occurring through the lack of awareness of Leave-No-Trace (LNT) guidelines designed to limit ecological damage within wilderness areas. Understanding visitor behavior and encouraging behavior modification toward compliance of encouraged ethics is key to reducing such ecological impacts (Bolle 1991). The degree of visitor awareness of LNT was evaluated for Isle Royale National Park, Michigan during the 2001 visiting season. Specific variables including "previous exposure to wilderness areas," "outdoor experience and skills," "rural/urban upbringing," "educational attainment," "age," "household income," "years of exposure to camping," "exposure to natural science studies," and "gender" were tested as possible influencing factors to visitor LNT awareness. Overall, visitor awareness was found to be moderate, with no significant difference among the seasons sampled. Few of the variables tested for influence on LNT awareness were found to be significant, and those found significant were not consistent among the sampling periods.
Bibliographical Information:


School:Ohio University

School Location:USA - Ohio

Source Type:Master's Thesis

Keywords:wilderness areas leave no trace low impact camping techniques recreation outdoor


Date of Publication:01/01/2002

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