Videotaped Interrogations: Does a Dual-Camera Perspective Produce Unbiased and Accurate Evaluations?
Although research demonstrates that the least biased camera-perspective for filming interrogations and confessions is to focus the camera on the detective, police prefer to focus on the suspect. A potential compromise is a dual-camera perspective wherein the full faces of both the suspect and interrogator are presented in a split-screen format simultaneously. Results from Study 1 suggest that the dual-camera perspective eliminates observers’ tendency to judge videotaped confessions as more voluntary and the suspect more guilty compared to the suspect-focus perspective. However, Study 2 results suggest that observers less accurately identify true and false confessions using the dual-camera perspective than observers exposed to an interrogator-focus videotape, an audiotape, or a written transcript. Though a dual-camera perspective eliminates the camera perspective bias, it is not an appropriate compromise between the detective- and suspect-focus formats as it does not improve observers’ ability to accurately distinguish true from false confessions.
School Location:USA - Ohio
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:camera perspective confession evidence interrogations guilt voluntariness
Date of Publication:01/01/2007