Viajeros Por América Central: Geografías, Sujetos, y Contradiscursos
Abstract (Summary)This dissertation examines the narratives of the journeys of and about four explorers who traveled across the Central American isthmus, from the 16th to early 18th centuries, when Spain ruled over these territories. It studies the travel narratives of Vasco Núñez de Balboa, Juan Vásquez de Coronado, William Dampier and John Cockburn and, at the same time, it offers new perspectives on the recuperation of Central American cultural memory and heritage as it revisits and analyzes the early colonial isthmus in terms of its geographical and human landscapes. This dissertation proposes that through these “Relaciones de Viaje” the representation of the Central American Isthmus is transformed from a mythical landscape into a material one as they scrutinize the exploitable riches of the land and subject its peoples to new excluding set of rules. Rivaling the Spanish enterprise, the British search for their own truths in the Spanish territories that materialize new landscapes to non Spanish Europeans, so as to represent a counter imperialistic discourse. The isthmus thus becomes a discursive and physical battleground where the two powers clash producing new subjectivities that evolve on the margins of the Spanish project and under the protection of British Empire, as in the case of the Moskitia. This analysis explains a colonial process that continues on into the present day in Central America.
School:The Ohio State University
School Location:USA - Ohio
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Date of Publication:01/01/2005