Viability Study of the Artificial Insemination Versus NaturalMount in Dairy Bovines of Rondônia Familiar Agriculture: an instrument of public policy of regional development.
This work presents an analysis of social-economic viability of the Artificial Insemination biotechnic (AI) versus Natural Mount (NM) employed on dairy cattle of the small associating familiar property of Rondônia. It goals to show the biotechnology function of the AI on the Dairy Cattle Genetic improvement, withsemen of the Gir and Dutch races, pure blood, applied in animals WDR (Without Definitive Race) as an instrument of public policy of regional development. It concepts theoretically the traditional peasant agriculture, familiar, employers`, and associating familiar, as well, the animal reproduction in the NM and AI system, emphasizing the importance of AI on the dairy cattle of the associating familiar agriculture as development of Rondonia. The social-economic analysis of the AI as an instrument of public policy of regional development, shows that there was a goodmean of internalizing of this technology by the community. The number of pregnants females and unweaned calves for AI on the 30 research families was 214 animals. The mean performance of the inseminators in the three associations relating to theirservice rate for animal conception was 1,30 dose of semen for each pregnant caw. The mean cost for conception of the 214 worked cows on the NM was R$ 19,25 and on the AI was R$ 59,40. The cost for each conception on NM represented only 32,4 % of the cost for conception in the AI, this mean that a conception in the system of NM was R$ 40,15 cheaper than on the AI. But, when it is taken in consideration theadded benefits to the daughters by the genetic merit of the bull through the used semen, it was confirmed that the profit mean by daughter in the studied sample was R$ 1.825,37 at the end of its respective milk periods. The benefit of R$ 1,8 thou. bydaughter bigger in relation with its mother at the end of the milk period is 6,5 thou. per family, it generates the possibility to reduce the herd keeping the same production, or keeping the same herd with the double or more of the production. Thisenable to improve the territorial space in each property with better taking advantage of the natural resources and forest coverings, taking in mind an improvement of the productivity rate in relation to their mothers. There was value aggregation to thewealth and improvement of families´ income, getting viabilization the infrastructure of the property with larger participation of the family in the local community. These benefits produced of a rational way, generate environment, economic and socialsustainability to the family of the familiar agriculture in Rondônia.
Advisor:Mariluce de Souza Paes; Manuel Antonio Valdés Borrero
School:Fundação Universidade Federal de Rondônia
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Date of Publication:06/13/2006