Variational Spectral Analysis

by Sendov, Hristo

Abstract (Summary)
We present results on smooth and nonsmooth variational properties of {it symmetric} functions of the eigenvalues of a real symmetric matrix argument, as well as {it absolutely symmetric} functions of the singular values of a real rectangular matrix. Such results underpin the theory of optimization problems involving such functions. We answer the question of when a symmetric function of the eigenvalues allows a quadratic expansion around a matrix, and then the stronger question of when it is twice differentiable. We develop simple formulae for the most important nonsmooth subdifferentials of functions depending on the singular values of a real rectangular matrix argument and give several examples. The analysis of the above two classes of functions may be generalized in various larger abstract frameworks. In particular, we investigate how functions depending on the eigenvalues or the singular values of a matrix argument may be viewed as the composition of symmetric functions with the roots of {it hyperbolic polynomials}. We extend the relationship between hyperbolic polynomials and {it self-concordant barriers} (an extremely important class of functions in contemporary interior point methods for convex optimization) by exhibiting a new class of self-concordant barriers obtainable from hyperbolic polynomials.
Bibliographical Information:


School:University of Waterloo

School Location:Canada - Ontario

Source Type:Master's Thesis

Keywords:mathematics eigenvalues hyperbolic polynomials singular values self concordant barriers variational analysis spectral functions


Date of Publication:01/01/2000

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