Validierung des Knochenumbaus von Knochenersatzmaterialien in der Mund-, Kiefer- und Gesichtschirurgie
Alongside the standard donor bone transfer, bone substitutes have established themselves, improved in quality and are being increasingly used in the surgical treatment of dysmorphic defects or defects following inflammation, tumor surgery or trauma, particularly in the last three decades. With the discussion about infectious disease transmission through tissue from bone banks, the use of donor bone has receded into the background. For this reason, suitable bone substitutes are being sought constantly. Implants of many different physical and chemical substance groups have been tested for their suitability as bone substitutes, but an ideal material has yet to be found. In animal experiment models and their clinical application in humans, various bone substitutes have been evaluated for the dynamic of the resulting bone formation using nuclear medical and radiological procedures and have been examined histologically for their value as functional bone substitutes. Compared to autogenous bone grafts, the bone substitutes which have emerged as the result of the implantation of osteoinductive and osteoconductive materials have, without exception and particularly in the case the ceramic implants, shown incomplete restitution.
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School:Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:Knochenersatzmaterialien Skelettszintigraphie Knochenumbaudynamik Osteokonduktion Osteoinduktion Bone substitutes scan Histology Dynamic of bone formation Osteoconduction Osteoinduction
Date of Publication:03/06/2001