Using Augmented Virtuality to Improve Human-Robot Interactions Using Augmented Virtuality to Improve Human-Robot Interactions
Conventional interfaces for interacting with mobile robots typically present information in a multi-windowed display where different sets of information are presented in different windows. The disjoint sets of information require significant cognitive processing on the part of the operator to interpret and understand the information. To reduce the cognitive effort to interpret the information from a mobile robot, requirements and technology for a three-dimensional augmented virtuality interface are presented. The 3D interface is designed to combine multiple sets of informationinto a single correlated window which can reduce the cognitive processing required to interpret and understand the information in comparison to a conventional (2D) interface.
The usefulness of the 3D interface is validated, in comparison to a prototype of conventional 2D interfaces, through a series of navigation- and exploration-based user-studies. The user studies reveal that operators are able to drive the robot, build maps, find and identify items, and finish tasks faster with the 3D interface than with the 2D interface. Moreover, operators have fewer collisions, void walls better, and use a pan-tilt-zoom camera more with the 3D interface than with the 2D interface. Performance with the 3D interface is also more tolerant to network delay and distracting sets of information. Finally, principles for presenting multiple sets of information to a robot operator are presented. The principles are used to discuss and illustrate possible extensions of the 3D interface to other domains.
School:Brigham Young University
School Location:USA - Utah
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:human robot interaction robotics user studies factors
Date of Publication:02/02/2006