Abstract (Summary)
Objective: The purpose of this research was to determine how the dietary patterns of a population of urban African-American adolescents compared to the recommended pattern of the Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 2005, and to examine associations between body mass index and meeting those recommendations. Subjects: The survey was administered to 82 predominantly African-American, inner-city, ninth-grade students attending a vocational public high school in Cincinnati, Ohio. Methods: Dietary and physical activity patterns were assessed by using a 56-item survey instrument consisting of questions about demographics, frequency and serving sizes of fruit, vegetables, dairy products and grains, and frequency and duration of physical activity, administered in a single class period. Results: Fourteen percent of the sample had a body mass index (BMI) classified as overweight, 28% as at-risk of overweight and 59% as normal weight. The percentages of students who met the Dietary Guidelines were 40% for fruit, 42% for total vegetables, 35% for dark green vegetables, 20% for orange vegetables, 10% for legumes, 17% for whole grains, and 8% for low-fat dairy. Seventy-three percent met the physical activity recommendation. Meeting the recommendations for the food groups was not significantly related to body mass index. Logistic regression with the food groups and exercise entered into the model, showed only exercise as a significant predictor of a healthy BMI. Conclusions: The high prevalence of students in the at-risk of overweight classification, as well as the low prevalence of meeting dietary recommendations suggests that urban African-American adolescents should be reached with appropriate interventions.
Bibliographical Information:


School:University of Cincinnati

School Location:USA - Ohio

Source Type:Master's Thesis

Keywords:adolescents nutrition surveys body mass index weight nutritional requirements food questionnaires african americans


Date of Publication:01/01/2005

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