Untersuchungen zum Einfluß selektierter arbuskulärer Mykorrhizapilze (AMP) und assoziativer Rhizosphärenbakterien einzeln und kombiniert auf das Wachstum und den Zierwert von Zierpflanzen für den urbanen Bereich
In long-term pot and field trials the influence of selected arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (Glomus ssp. VAM3, Glomus intraradices Isolat 49) and associative rhizosphere bacteria (Pseudomonas fluorescens PsIA12, Agrobacterium rhizogenes A1A4, Rhizobium trifolii R39, Stenotrophomas maltophilia PsIB2 and PsI2), single and in combination, on growth and ornamental value of annual and perennial ornamental plants under urban conditions was tested. These rhizosphere microorganisms did stimulate growth and ornamental value of ornamental plants without the additon of mineral fertilizers on urban stressed sites. An early inoculation during seeding or planting did shorten plant cultivation and reduced plant losses. The three plant species did respond differently. The most obvious effects were achieved by single inoculation on Tagetes. Variety specific reactions did occur. Combination of microorganisms was effective on Miscanthus and did stimulate growth over three years. The effects on Gladiolus were not repeatable but ornamental value was stimulated. All bacteria strains did produce Auxin and partially Cytokinin in pure culture. Between phytohormone production, root mycorrhization and root colonization by the autochthonous microflora positive interactions did occur. Bacteria isolated from agricultural sites were also effective on oligotrophic urban sites. The bacteria did establish in the rhizosphere of Tagetes and Gladiolus over the vegetation period on the field. After one year dry storage of the soil PsIA12 and PsIB2 did re-establish in the non-inoculated Tagetes rhizosphere.
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School:Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Date of Publication:01/01/1998