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Understanding the Transgenerational Cycle of Parenting: The Role of Past Parenting Experiences and Emotional Functioning

by Pasold, Tracie L

Abstract (Summary)
An Abstract of Understanding the Transgenerational Cycle of Parenting: The Role of Past Parenting Experiences and Emotional Functioning Tracie L. Pasold, M.A. Submitted as partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Doctor of Philosophy in Psychology University of Toledo December 2006 The present study examined relationships among past parenting experiences, maltreatment, symptoms of PTSD, delinquency and psychopathy traits, and the role of these variables in the intergenerational transmission of parenting styles. It was hypothesized that past parenting experiences, maltreatment, and symptoms of PTSD would predict callous-unemotional psychopathy (CU), delinquency, and anticipated future parenting. Participants were 326 volunteers from public high schools and a Juvenile Detention Center (JDC). All completed the Anticipated Future Parenting Index (API), Perceptions of Past Parenting Scale (PPPS), Youth Psychopathic Traits Inventory (YPI); measures of symptoms of PTSD and social desirability. Public school participants reported more father’s and mother’s warmth, less father’s and mother’s rejection, and more father’s overprotection. JDC participants reported more maltreatment, more PTSD, and higher CU. CU was predicted by lower father’s and mother’s positive parenting among public school females. Maltreatment experiences predicted more arrests among public school males and females. Fewer symptoms of PTSD predicted more arrests among public school females. More mother’s positive parenting predicted fewer arrests in public school females. Results of the current study support research regarding the intergenerational transmission of parenting. JDC participants reported significantly higher anticipated rejection and overprotection in future parenting. Among public school females, higher levels of callous-unemotional psychopathy significantly predicted lower anticipated warmth and higher anticipated rejection in future parenting. Among public school males, more maltreatment experiences predicted less anticipated warmth in future parenting. Among public school males, more PTSD predicted more anticipated rejection and more anticipated overprotection in future parenting. Among JDC participants, more maltreatment predicted less anticipated overprotection in future parenting, and more PTSD predicted more anticipated overprotection in future parenting. Higher levels of callous-unemotional psychopathy also predicted more anticipated overprotection in this sample. These results demonstrate the critical importance of inclusion of positive parenting in prevention and intervention strategies.
Bibliographical Information:

Advisor:

School:University of Toledo

School Location:USA - Ohio

Source Type:Master's Thesis

Keywords:intergenerational transmission of parenting past future maltreatment psychopathy delinquency ptsd

ISBN:

Date of Publication:01/01/2006

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