Un estudio sobre el comercio intra-industrial de México en el tratado de libre comercio de América del Norte
The objective of this research is a measurement and an econometric estimation of the bilateral Intra-Industry Trade (IIT) indices for the Mexican non-maquiladora manufacturing industry in the framework of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and for the period 1994-2006. In this work we propose the relevance of isolating the maquiladora component from the Mexican trade flows, since the maquiladora trade belongs to an exchange of goods in different stages of production while the IIT has been analyzed and quantified as the trade of goods that belong to the same stage of production. In that sense, we offer adjusted measurements of the indices taking into account their differentiation regarding their horizontal and vertical nature. We verified that an indexs measurement which includes the maquiladora leads to an overestimation of the bilateral performance of this type of trade, particularly with the United States. With Canada, however, an overestimation is registered but not in the same magnitude. We demonstrated that the Mexican bilateral IIT has been mainly of a vertical nature and it was concentrated in a few industrial sectors. In addition, we postulate a set of independent variables to test the determinants for the non-maquiladora IIT indices. We applied an econometric function using Non-Linear Less Squares (NLMS) and a Generalized Linear Model (GLM). It is confirmed that differences in economic development, foreign capital and products horizontal and vertical differentiation have been the main determinants of the IIT for the non-maquiladora manufacturing for the 1994-2006 period. All of the above led us to confirm the North-South character of the trade relation between Mexico and its partners as well as the significance of Neo-Heckscher-Ohlin theories and recently the contributions of enterprises heterogeneity in the international trade models to explain this trade.
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Advisor:Tugores Ques, Juan; Roig Sabaté, José Luis
School:Universitat Autónoma de Barcelona
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:412 departament d economia i historia economica
Date of Publication:10/15/2008