Transportsektorn, koldioxid och alternativa bränslen : -ett exempel från DHLs verksamhet
This essay aims at giving some insights in the complex relationship of increased greenhouse gases (GHG) in the atmosphere, the emission of carbon dioxide from the transport sector and different ways to decrease the contributions of heavy road transport to greenhouse gases. Road transport using heavy trucks is a large contributor to GHG. The objective of this study is to evaluate from a business perspective some existing alternatives for truck fuel and how these influence the total amount of GHG – emission. I have chosen to analyse if the commerce of carbon credits (Kyoto) could influence the speed of transition to alternative fuels. A comparison is presented including cost and environmental issues for the fuels such as ethanol and diesel.Petroleum diesel is the dominant fuel used by heavy trucks and this is due to high costs and lack of availability of alternative fuel types.The results show that a transition from diesel to alternative fuel is not possible in the near future unless a strong political control (steering, leadership) or big change on the conditions takes place. The actual price for emission rights is not high enough to influence a company’s choice of fuel if the transport sector would join the scheme. The price of emission rights needs to increase sharply in order to be able to influence the choice of fuel and technique. In the foreseeable future this is not a realistic event.Transport companies with a long term strategy and a proactive environmental policy for transition to alternative fuels are seen as role models by customers and would also give a competitive advantage. My study shows that ethanol is a possible alternative to diesel if the transport sector can exploit its environmental, economical and social advantages.The study also indicates that the current alternative fuel market is too weak for a change. A final solution for the transition to alternative fuel can occur either by a strong political leadership to the expense of higher transportation prices for customers or if a new competitive technology for alternative fuels will be viable. Of course, combinations of these alternatives are also possible.
School:Högskolan i Gävle
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:transport sector carbon dioxid emission scheme environment economy dhl climate change sustainability
Date of Publication:04/10/2007