Transformaciones economicas y cambios sociodemograficos en el espacio de conurbación Tarragona-Reus (1960-1996)
This research work is divided in three sections. The first section is an introduction to the theoretical aspects; the second one explains the process of industrialization and the growth of tourist and tertiary sector in the whole in the land. Finally, the third section is based on the geodemographic changes, which are the purpose of the research. This working paper offers some conclusions and a long bibliography at the end. The information has basically been gathered from the actual Census and the List of Official Population carried out by the Town Halls.
Bearing in mind the hypothesis which states that economic changes lead to social and demographic alterations, this working paper focuses on the process undergone in the Tarragona-Reus conurbation (which is the core of the metropolitan area known as Camp de Tarragona) starting off in the 1960s, as a result of presence of the petrochemical industry and the development of other activities of the tertiary one, more particularly the thriving tourist activity on the Costa Dorada. All there economic changes are going to bear out a whole transformation both on the land and in the way of live of its inhabitants. Within this global framework, the present Thesis is focused on the demographic changes.
We must distinguish two stages in the process of economic and demographic transformation in this territory.
The first stage goes from the 1960s up to the 1970s. The thriving economic activity in that period is triggered by the Governments Plan de Estabilizacion along with investments from abroad and it also allows the creation of industrial plots and the presence of foreign petrochemical factories, in addition to local public investments. This process coincides with a period of propitious international situation. The economic development means a remarkable increase in employment. This leads to more immigration and a significant natural growth until the late 1970s. Immigration will cause a growing diversity in the origin of the population. The population is becoming much younger. On the whole the population is a factor of production and consumption. As a result, a lot of employments are created in the different activities. According to percentage, the tertiary sector generates more employment in spite of the strong industrial investments. This is reinforced here by the tourist growth and the developing trading and administrative business both in Tarragona and Reus. These years will see a situation of full employment and the female activity rate has hardly any change despite the significant amount employments.
During the second stage, from 1980 until 1996, new geodemographic changes are produced. The most remarkable aspects of this period are the consequences of the economic crisis that took place in the seventies, the democratization of the country and the fact of becoming a member of the European Union. The economic crisis affects employment, especially regarding the industrial sector. However, from the mid eighties, there is a revival of the economic situation and again at the beginning of the nineties the economy was in recession. During the conurbation process there is still more investment on the petrochemical industry, giving special emphasis on the Port Aventura Theme Park at the end of the period. It is a period of great expansion of the tertiary sector. Unemployment becomes a very important problem an affects above all young people and women. Migratory balances are considerably reduced and they are even negative during the first quinquenium of the eighties. There is also decrease of the natural enlargement due to the progressive decline in the birth rate, which causes a quick ageing population. The study of the mobility of working-residence allows us to confirm the high level of, self-sufficiency working in this area.
Advisor:Roquer Soler, Santiago
School:Universitat Rovira i Virgili
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:departament d història i geografia
Date of Publication:11/28/2003