To build a dialogic space in association with the hospitalized senior?s family to reach an education in health.
Facing the fast population aging and the rising of the longevity, many seniors are supposed to show non-transmittable diseases and chronic offenses, which can cause dependence. The family is considered the major protector and it will need constant attendance from the health services and social programs. Departing from this context, and as a nurse of a university hospital, in which most of patients are seniors, I decided to do this task aiming to build a dialogic and collective space in association with the familiar protectors of seniors who are interned in a medical clinic unit looking for a education in health which has as special goals to discuss in group the protectors? difficulties in the process of taking care of a senior; to share the experiences among the protectors, uniting them to the professional nurse?s knowledge; to create a guide departing from the group discussions, that will serve as a source to make the other protectors? doubts clear and also it will make the professionals able to know the more frequent needs of the familiar protectors. It is a qualitative, convergent- assistance research with 15 familiar protectors of seniors who are interned in a medical clinic unit of a university hospital. I choose to work with the group dynamic using the methodological-theoretical strategy of the culture circles, extolled by Paulo Freire to collect the data. The analysis was made fallowing four generic processes: apprehension, synthesis, theory and transference. Then three categories were identified: ?collectively discussing in group the everyday difficulties in the process of taking care of a senior?, ?sharing the experiences among the protectors uniting them to the professional nurse?s knowledge? and ?Education in health?. In the first category three sub-categories were established: ?protector?s overload?, ?the formal support? and ?the daily life activities (DLA)?. In the second two categories were pointed out: ?sharing the knowledge? and ? the professional nurse?s knowledge? and the third category points ?the need of education in health for familiar protectors?, ?deficit in the orientations given to the protectors by the health team?, ?the need of education in health for professionals? and ?education in health through Paulo Freire?s methodology?. I concluded that the aim of building a dialogic space for discussion about the difficulties and experiences? exchanges among the protectors and the professional nurse was reached and the Paulo Freire?s methodology contributed for people?s approach, making the dialogue and the experiences? exchanges in the group possible. I believe that after a presentation and divulgation phase of this research, a reflection about the possibility of continuity of this work in the hospital must be done because I consider that it will be a differential in the nursery assistance to the senior and its familiar.
Advisor:Silvana Sidney da Costa Santos; Marlene Teda Pelzer; Maria Elisabeth Carvalho Cestari; Célia Pereira Caldas
School:Fundação Universidade Federal do Rio Grande
Source Type:Master's Thesis
education in health
Date of Publication:12/18/2008