Three essays on geographic consequences of trade openness
This dissertation is divided into three chapters, which can be read separately. In
chapter 2, I investigate the effects of trade openness on the size of the most important
cities for 84 countries after controlling for political, geographic and economic factors. I
find that the impact is negative on main cities and positive on secondary cities.
In chapter 3, I test the bell-shaped relationship between industrial gap and trade
costs by partially following Head and Mayer’s (2003) empirical strategy, who confront
estimates of trade openness and the range in which agglomeration theoretically takes
place. The main result is that concentration of both employment and production may arise
if a pair of countries is involved in a process of trade liberalization.
In chapter 4, I assess the impact of international trade openness on urban structure
in the presence of taste heterogeneity and amenities. I find that taste heterogeneity
implies that city size is equal or below the levels featured by Fujita et al. (1999).
Furthermore, if amenity differentials exist regardless of trade openness, then a unique
equilibrium can be reached.
A mi mom, Silvia Henny.
A mi hermana, Sylvana San.
A mi abuela Coti.†
A mi tía Gloria. †
A Cachita. †
School:The Ohio State University
School Location:USA - Ohio
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:economic geography international trade free
Date of Publication: