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Three essays analyzing the behavior of institutions of higher learning

by 1967- Calhoun, Joseph Patrick

Abstract (Summary)
The first essay examines whether the tuition differentiation used by public institutions is third-degree price discrimination. Public institutions discriminate “in reverse” in that they charge a higher price to the more elastic demanders. While this is contrary to standard economic theory, the reasons for discriminating in this way are rational. I find that the governing structure of a state’s higher education industry is an explanatory factor to pricing behavior and market structure. The second essay employs two methods of Data Envelopment Analysis to compare relative efficiencies of institutions of higher learning (IHLs). The first method constructs a single frontier and then groups the institutions afterwards for comparison. In addition to comparing private and public IHLs, I introduce a new way to group institutions. I separate IHLs by the percent of unrestricted revenue. The second method uses the Charnes, Cooper, and Rhodes (CCR) ratio form. The institutions are grouped together to generate separate frontiers and then projected on to their frontier by the CCR ratio. They are subsequently added together to construct a single frontier to make comparisons. The third essay focuses on teaching and research components and proposes a model that addresses the reallocation of revenues within an institution. I find that public, doctoral-granting institutions are more likely to cross-subsidize from teaching revenues into research expenditures. Conversely, private, doctoral-granting institutions are more likely to cross-subsidize from research revenues into teaching expenditures. I postulate the percent of unrestricted revenue and indirect cost rates for on-campus research are explanatory variables for this behavior. I use a model of utility maximization in which teaching and research are produced subject to a zero profit constraint. Index words: higher education, price discrimination, data envelopment analysis, cross-subsidization Three Essays Analyzing the Behavior of Institutions of Higher Learning by Joseph Patrick Calhoun B.S., Illinois State University, 1990 M.B.A., DePaul University, 1997 A Dissertation Submitted to the Graduate Faculty of The University of Georgia in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree Doctor of Philosophy Athens, Georgia 2003 c? 2003 Joseph Patrick Calhoun All Rights Reserved Three Essays Analyzing the Behavior of Institutions of Higher Learning by Joseph Patrick Calhoun Approved: Major Professor: David R. Kamerschen Committee: C.A. Knox Lovell Arthur Snow Scott L. Thomas Christopher Cornwell Electronic Version Approved: Maureen Grasso Dean of the Graduate School The University of Georgia May 2003
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School:The University of Georgia

School Location:USA - Georgia

Source Type:Master's Thesis

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